Animal Protein Vs Plant Protein: What’s the Difference?
About 20% of our body is made up of protein. As our body doesn’t store protein, it’s important to get enough from our daily diet. You can get protein from many sources, including plants and animals.
Some people claim that the source of protein, be it animal or plant, shouldn’t matter. While others suggest that plant protein is much superior as compared to animal protein.
In this blog, we explore and compares animal and plant proteins.
Amino acid profile varies between plant and animal proteins
When consumed, protein is broken down into amino acids. Proteins and amino acids are used for almost every metabolic process in our body.
However, different proteins can vary greatly in the types of amino acids they contain. Animal proteins tend to contain a good balance of all the amino acids that we need, while some plant proteins are low in certain amino acids.
Though researches have shown that plant-based protein like sacha inchi contains a good balance of amino acids, similar to animal proteins.
Animal proteins are complete, but not all plant proteins are
There are around 20 amino acids that our body uses to build proteins. They are classified as either essential or non-essential. Our body can produce non-essential amino acids. However, it cannot produce essential amino acids and can only be obtained through our daily diet.
For optimal health, we need all amino acids in the right ratios. Animal protein sources, such as meat, fish, eggs, and dairy, are similar to the protein found in our body. These are considered complete sources of protein because it contains all the essential amino acids that our body needs to function effectively.
However, most plant protein sources, like beans and lentils, are considered incomplete because they lack one or more of the essential that our body needs.
Diet with plant protein is linked to more health benefits
Diets high in plant protein are linked with many health benefits. Studies suggest vegetarians tend to have lower body weight, lower cholesterol, and lower blood pressure levels. They also have lowered risk of stroke, cancer, and death from heart disease.
It may also help you control your weight. A study found that eating more nuts was linked to weight loss. Also, eating one serving of beans, lentils, or peas per day can increase fullness and may lead to better weight management and weight loss.
For optimal health, the best way of protein consumption is a diet that is low in processed meat, rich in plant protein, with some animal sources.
As plant protein food sources often have lower essential amino acids, vegetarians and vegans should eat a wide variety of foods to ensure they are getting all the amino acids that they need.
For the rest, it’s important to get the right balance of protein from both animal and plant foo